Students study the fundamentals of writing and work in paragraph development leading to the short essay. A minimum of 10 essays, including three short in-class essays, will be written. At the end of the semester, students must take and pass a writing competency test, which is evaluated by a panel of instructors. Students who pass the test receive the grade earned during the semester; those who do not pass must repeat the course. Prerequisite: Placement by test or completion of OTP 080 (ENG 080) with a grade of C or better. A grade of C or better must be earned for advancement to ENG 101.